Circumpolar safety, search and rescue collaboration - Forecasting and monitoring for Arctic S&R Part 2
- 11:00 KEYNOTE: Search and Rescue in the Alaskan region and its challenges
Authors: Paul Webb ( U.S. Coast Guard )
Search and Rescue in the Alaskan region and its challenges. I will present and discuss the differences in the Alaskan environment from Southeast to the Arctic regions and how that effects how we respond and how we deal with the distances and communications issues that we encounter within the region. A brief overview of the types of cases we have encountered in the Arctic region will be displayed and how we have had to approach the response and planning. I will discuss how using ice flows as a way to survive when stranded and how we determine where to search using local information and our technology (SAROPS). Present the searching techniques for fast ice for the Great Lakes and Arctic. Finally, the presentation also includes discussion on the future of technologies and SAROPS and the incorporation of latest data into SAROPS for the Arctic.
- 11:30 Planning, coordinating and implementing maritime SAR-operations in the North
Authors: Kay Fjørtoft ( SINTEF Ocean ); Even Holte ( SINTEF Ocean ); Bent-Ove Jamtli ( JRCC ); Ole-Magne Kolstad ( Nordland Fylkeskommune )
"Norway shall be the world leader in planning, coordinating and implementing maritime SAR-operations in the North."
Search and rescue operations are demanding. In the Arctic, one strikes several additional challenges such as long distances, limited infrastructure and demanding climatic conditions. This places high demands on equipment, expertise and, not least, cooperation between the involved emergency preparedness actors. For major actions in the Arctic, very different emergency preparedness actors, stakeholders and institutions will be involved in SAR operations, including private and state actors, civil and military, and volunteer and professional aid organizations. In some case, it will also be a close cooperation with other countries' rescue services.
With this as a starting point, we need to address demands for new functions that can improve SAR capacities at the JRCC (Joint Rescue Coordination Centre). A concept study was released in September-17 where we identified gaps as well as the needs for new functions. One main findings were the need for an analytical center, that reviews, analyzes and validates data from previous accidents and training exercise. The establishment of such an analysis center will make a significant contribution to strengthening national interoperability skills, as well as ensuring good safeguarding of international obligations and interests. A central function will be the ability to maintain a systematic and continuous approach to analysis and processing of data from various incident reports.
The report confirms that an analytic center will give important value to both JRCC itself, but also to other external emergency actors. Analyzes from past events are presently missing and are being given a lower priority because the work pressure on employees at the JRCC is very high. In this material, a lot of lessons could be learned from past events, and a large amount of data are thus available for analysis. The results of an analysis will provide increased expertise and understanding, which can be used in new learning and development of new training programs as an example. An analysis center will mean a lot for Norway to achieve its political aspirations to be world leader in SAR in the High North, and the center will be important when preventive measures are to be designed and implemented.
- 11:45 An update on Polar Lows in the European Arctic
Authors: Gunnar Noer ( The Norwegian Meteorological Institute )
Polar lows are forecasted at MET-Norway throughout the winter season. Currently the Arome-Arctic NWP model with 2,5km resolution is the main tool for this purpose, but also the ECMWF NWP is used for longer forecast ranges. In coastal regions of Norway, the Arome-Hirlam MetCoOp ensemble prediction system is used.
The weather in the Arctic is under constant monitoring by the meteorologists at the forecast center in Tromsø. Polar Lows are recorded with dates, positions, center pressure and wind speed, and this database now consists of 233 events from 2000 till 2017. The list is a valuable reference for further studies on polar lows.
The speech presents an update on MET-Norways current capabilities of forecasting Polar Lows, and the channels that are used to convey forecasts of Polar Lows to the public. An updated climatology from the Polar Low database is presented, as well as other recent additions to our knowledge on the topic of Polar Lows.
Wednesday 24th January 2018
11:00 - 12:00