A Smart Arctic Future
- 15:00 "Business perception among young population in the Arctic Region and real opportunities." Operationalization of Smart City Strategies to evaluate Human Local Capital
Authors: FEDERICA SANTORO ( SIOI ITALIAN SOCIETY FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION )
Arctic people are today facing a large number of stressor. Rapid change in the environmental are now accepted as a fact that manifests itself in the socio-economic transformation of daily living at different latitudes. The development of a system for monitoring change in wellbeing and for tracking long-term trends would be extremely helpful from the perspective of those involved in the policy process. It will be essential, in the opinion of the researcher, to perceive the new dynamics of the labor market, and thanks to this it will be more and more reasonable to understand what will be not only the external key factors, but motivation and goals of arctic people to move or stay. The study here proposed, with the support of statistical existent indicators and past research that achieved parallel and complementary purpose, will investigate the question of the perception of local job and business opportunities among the youngest generation, aswering these questions: What is the perception among young and educated generation of concrete job opportunity they could have in future? Is emigration to cities still seen as a necessity for them? What is their opinions about business opportunities in the North in terms of job loss/job creation? The study proposed will starts from collecting data from a reference sample, chosen and considered in four categories: age, education, region/country, gender. The analysis of Social Indicators of changes in Human Development in the Arctic can serve as proxies for social, economic and cultural trajectories of change – a task quite new for most team members. Data collected will be an open source available. Indicators monitoring can help to give answers and point of views from which to start a cognitive survey on the status of business and job opportunities for the Arctic population. The research project is based on Ethnographic methodologies, bottom-up approaches of interviews vis a vis and qualitative questionnaire. My project’s objective is to contribute to sustainable development and value creation through increased global awareness of business opportunities in the Arctic.
AA.VV. (2010), The Arctic Social Indicators Report, Northern Council of Ministers Report; Business Index North, BIN REPORT 2018; Meijer, A., & Bolívar, M. P. R. (2016), Governing the smart city: A review of the literature on smart urban governance. International Review of Administrative Sciences; Schmidt J et Al. (2015), Demographic and Economic Disparities Among Arctic Regions”, Polar Geography
- 15:15 Architectural Adaptations: research, design, and possible Futures in the North
Authors: Paul McBride ( University of Michigan )
While much exciting scientific research continues to be conducted in the North, there has been little study of the potential impacts and influences these research communities have on built form, housing design, or urban development in Arctic environments. This paper presents an exploration of science, technology, and possible futures for cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural collaboration to advance architecture and urbanism in the Arctic. I hypothesize that climate science practices and research stations have the ability to further innovation in Arctic architecture and urban development and to identify areas for community engagement and capacity building for cooperative and imaginative scientific and design research.
Permafrost degradation, coastal erosion, and sea ice formation and break-up periods are among a host of challenges that changing environmental conditions are bringing to Northern communities. In addition, scientific expeditions, natural resource extraction, and continued attempts at modernization all belong to a history of colonization and compromised autonomy for First Peoples in Canada and across the circumpolar North. The extreme diversity of environments coupled with research practices, rapidly deploying infrastructures, new landscape economies, and associated cultural norms for temporary and permanent habitation are producing evolving and novel examples of built environments. I propose how two images of the Arctic exist within this context and assist in developing possible futures: the ‘technological’ and the ‘natural’. Research stations, prefabrication, cold-climate building strategies, renewable energy technologies, remote sensing, and data management meet with traditional harvesting practices and the production of environmental and geographical knowledge through storytelling and millennia of experience. Learning from the realities of these two Arctic images poses the fundamental question: What are the impacts and influences of the technological and the natural on possible futures in Arctic communities and their attendant meaning for architecture, urbanization, and modernization?
I unpack this question by projecting scientific methods and procedures into the built environment, including new material research, cartography and logistics, building - permafrost interactions, and cold-climate thermal and energy performance. Research stations offer a unique context to conduct design research and contribute to more inclusive collaboration between outside scientists and indigenous communities; ensuring traditional and cultural needs are met in the design and construction of a ‘smarter’ Arctic future. This new collaborative space also has the potential to provide opportunities for education in the classroom and in the fields of architecture, construction, and urban design - inspiring imagination for possible futures in the Arctic.
Wednesday 23rd January 2019
15:00 - 17:00