The future of Governance and handling Vulnerability in Arctic Ecosystems
- 15:00 Ice edge retreating: influence on maritime traffic around Svalbard
Authors: Alexandra Stocker ( University Center of the Westfjords ); Angelika Renner ( Institute of Marine Research ); Maaike Knol ( UiT )
The Arctic environment is changing drastically with global warming. The most distinctive transformation is the decline of sea ice. Many business sectors perceive the retreating ice edge as an opportunity to expand and develop their industries. Therefore, maritime economic activities such as shipping, tourism, fisheries, oil and gas exploitation are expected to grow. The goal of this project is to examine how sea ice edge variability affects maritime activities such as expedition cruise tourism and fisheries, and to analyze how their destinations and trajectories have evolved over the past 6 years (2012-2018) around the archipelago of Svalbard. These industries operate close to the ice edge and their evolution will affect the regional economy and safety. The analysis of sea ice concentration in parallel with automatic information system (AIS) data, shows the evolution of vessel trajectories in newly accessible waters. The location of the ice edge is extracted from passive microwave satellite data. The AIS data provide information on the position of vessels sailing in the waters in the archipelago of Svalbard. Merging these datasets will reveal the relationship between vessel movements and the ice edge. One of the outcomes will be a map showing this correlation. Additionally, decision-makers responsible for activities related to maritime traffic in Svalbard are interviewed on the type of data used to consider risk assessment, management and planning in waters with sea ice and how the declining sea ice is affecting their decision-making. Combining remote sensing data analysis with interviews of captains, port authorities, fisheries and local tourism companies will give a new insight of how sea ice variability affects economic activities in the region. The cross-disciplinary approach used in this project will clarify the relevance and implication of sea ice variability in decision making processes and the management of maritime activities in Svalbard.
- 15:15 Bringing forward geo-referenced information for a more efficient spatial planning process
-- Lessons learned from developing "Arealverktøyet", a tool for compilation and display of expert knowledge data in a unified and standardized way.
Authors: Gjermund Hartviksen ( Norwegian Coastal Administration )
This presentation will have focus on the management plan process and knowledge that stems from developing a mapping tool for the Norwegian maritime zone.
The outcome of a planning process generally depends on the quality of the facts put into the process. This is the scientific experts’ job to take care of. However, during such a process there are various interests and perspectives to consider. For instance might commercial interests collide with environmental considerations. How these interests are defended, depends on which facts are provided and how these are presented. Are they exact, relevant and comprehensible?
The publication of Meld. St. 37 (2012–2013) Report to the Storting (white paper), initiated the work back in 2013 and according to the mandate, BarentsWatch and Forum for Integrated Marine Management should cooperate in developing a digital solution for map compositions and provide a better overview of spatial management decisions.
«Arealverktøyet” deals with data from different government service in different formats, and offers the users to produce harmonized compositions that communicate well with the services and third parties in a way that give politicians and other stakeholders the best basis to make decisions upon.
Today “Arealverktøyet» integrates maps that show natural resources, environmental status, commercial activities, plans and regulations and various reference data open to be combined in several ways. Maps that are prepared for it, may display development over time or as a seasonal variation, through a time slider or as curves. Users can also compile, share with others and print out extracts of these.
The presentation will briefly show how the system works and discuss prospects and obstacles, i.e:
- Existing services are often developed for internal use. Bringing the service out of the internal sphere call for another quality level for both data and metadata.
- Collocating of data is more complex than expected – success depends on whether partners are willing to invest in making their own data accessible for this purpose. It is often necessary to establish a production line that secures the data displayed to be up-to-date and authoritative, in particular when services are generated on demand.
- Geonorge, the national website for map data and other location information in Norway, is a nice service. When users take in that the data is exposed through Geonorge, they expect them to be correct and authoritative.
- National cooperation is complicated and you need to be patient. Circumpolar cooperation will probably be even harder.
- 15:30 Arctic Spatial Data Infrastructure (Arctic SDI) - improving data sharing in the Arctic
Authors: Roy Mellum ( Norwegian Mapping Authority ); Kåre Kyrkjeeide ( Norwegian Mapping Authority )
The aim of the Arctic SDI is to provide politicians, governments, policy makers, scientists, private enterprises and citizens in the Arctic Region with access to reliable geographically related Arctic data, digital maps and tools to facilitate monitoring, management, emergency preparedness and decision making.
The Arctic Spatial Data Infrastructure is a cooperation between the eight National Mapping Agencies of Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and USA. The cooperation is based on a voluntary multilateral cooperation, and is focused on accessible authoritative geospatial reference data.
The overall goal for the National Mapping Agencies is to improve data sharing on local, national, regional and global levels. In order to achieve this, we need to understand the needs and requirements of stakeholders and develop and identify use cases, where standardized geographic web services can be utilized.
The Arctic SDI is an infrastructure that provides a web portal with easy access to:
• geoportal for geospatial data viewing and discovery
• openly searchable metadata catalogue
• authoritative reference map
• thematic data from various organizations operating within the Arctic Region
This presentation will describe the goals and current status of the Arctic SDI infrastructure cooperation with other stakeholders in the Arctic like Arctic Council CAFF working group and International Hydrographic Organization Arctic committee.
The presentation will provide a high level perspective on the benefits and applications of geospatial information in the Arctic and some best practice data sharing use cases. The presentation will underline the value of SDI's enabling open participation and interaction between many stakeholders, based on standards and collaboration.
Wednesday 23rd January 2019
15:00 - 15:45