A Smart Arctic Future - Smart Arctic Part I
- 11:00 Arctic Smart Specialization
Authors: Alexandra Middleton ( University of Oulu )
The Arctic has become an arena for political, economic and social discussion. The natural resources combined with the difficulty of their extraction due to the lack of infrastructure and environmental concerns make the region of interest for its smart specialization strategy. Smart specialization strategy (S3), allows regional governments to design policies in such a way as to support the most promising areas of present and future comparative advantage to foster regional prosperity (Baier et al. 2013). The scope of this paper covers eight northernmost regions of Norway (Finnmark, Troms, Nordland), Finland (Lapland, Kainuu, Northern Ostrobothnia) and Sweden (Norrbotten and Västerbotten). These regions share similarities, such as remoteness from the capital, developed welfare system, sparsely populated territories with declining share of the youth population, proximity to natural resources and growing tourism sector. I address how these Arctic regions develop their smart specialization strategies, what are their priorities, challenges and opportunities. The main research question is to find out if there are Arctic smart specialization clusters that run through all Arctic regions of Norway, Finland and Sweden. I collect smart specialization data for all Arctic regions from S3 database. The data are analyzed within the framework of smart specialization, especially for sparsely populated areas. Additionally, I use statistics on demographics and employment trends. The results demonstrate that eight Arctic regions have 35 smart specialization priority areas altogether. After clustering of priority areas under broader categories, 10 overarching clusters emerge. The most significant Arctic clusters are ICT (14%) and Natural resources (14%), followed by Cleantech (11%), Experience economy (11%), Health (11%) and Service Development
Arctic smart specialization strategies are developed within local knowledge, capacities and capabilities. The results of the study demonstrate that Arctic smart specialization is to a lesser extent dominated by natural resources, with only 14% of all smart specialization areas falling under this category. Arctic smart specialization is dominated by service economy, e.g. ICT, Experience economy, Tourism. This study adds to the discussion on the sustainable business opportunities in the Arctic that are respectful of the environment and contributing to the resilient societies in the Arctic. This study contributes to the growing acknowledgement (e.g. the Norwegian government’s new strategy for cooperation with the European Union) that underlines the Arctic as an innovative place, not just a natural resource base. Smart specialization strategies are a good proxy how the Arctic regions see themselves developing in the future.
- 11:30 Making the digital and smart power system to work.
Authors: Terje Gjengedal ( UiT ); Arne Brufladt Svendsen ( Promaps AS ); Trond Tollefsen ( Promaps AS )
NB: Please consider this submission for the session(s) organised by the Arctic Research Centre (ARC), UiT.
As a result of the digitalization of the power business in Norway and Europa, a lot of new possibilities and challenges arise. In 2014 an expert committee one outlined a proposal for the future grid company structure in Norway (Reiten, 2014). In addition, new technologies are being implemented in the system. Wind power, solar power, un-regulated small hydro power production, battery storage domestic and industrial and electrification of transport. TSOs have a responsibility to supply industry and communities with reliable electric power. However, the operators have been virtually blind to slowly occurring changes in the load profile that reduce the expected regularity of the power supply.
The concept of a digital power system (DPS) has been discussed for many years. The DPS may be defined like the digital power system being the digital, figuration and real-time description and reappearance of physical structure, technical characteristic, management system as well as personal information system of a real power system which is in operation. The DPS will be able to make a significant contribution to administrating and decision-making more scientifically (Chakrabortty, 2017).
The share unregulated renewable power generation is rising and the power system is changing rapidly. Changes like this must be able to handle tomorrow's energy system. Hence, the reasons and goals for implementing the digital power systems are multiple:
- Monitoring and and controlling all components by equipping them by sensors
- Measure the condition of the power system flows, angle differences, stability margins, and hence the reliability and security
- improving security and stability online, online making and implementing economical operation strategy and carrying out emergency and anti-fault control, etc.
- Better utilization of the facilities
- Precise state information results in increased capacity and fewer faults
- More efficient maintenance and increased lifetime
In the end, the primary goal is to increase the value creation while maintaining the reliability and security of the system.
This paper will focus on the possibilities and challenges the power business are facing. The paper will describe what technologies is needed i.e Real time probabilistic risk calculations, artificial intelligence, machine learning and smart grid technology. The main question is: can the power business and the introduction of new system tools manage without probabilistic risk calculation for making use of the digitalization and the corresponding big data?
- 11:45 Digital Arctic: Russian approach for sustainability building
Authors: Daria Makhotina ( Murmansk Arctic State University )
Historically Man came to the North out of bare necessities of life. Sparsely-populated areas nearby the Polar circle still are by no means attractive. Harsh climate, infrastructure constraints, transportation problems are making life an everyday struggle. However, through the efforts of enthusiasts, the Arctic communities are becoming more and more diverse, which leads to new concepts of bringing “smartness” in order to enhance resilience in vulnerable system.
Russia, as one of the most important players in the Arctic zone, continues to apply cross-disciplinary knowledge successfully, investing in projects, which contribute to address the modern challenges in the High North. Starting with connectivity- president Vladimir Putin resolved to provide the northern remote areas with fast access to the Internet by satellite system. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) of the Dozor type have already entered the arsenal of the polar explorers of the North Pole drifting stations for monitoring the ice situation in the Arctic, now a robot control system is being created: in 2021 various drones are going to rescue the oil workers and polar expeditions which got cut off from the outside world. Unmanned technologies in logistics, exploration and extraction of natural resources, science and tourism offer incredible prospects. Even with impact of the climate change the situation in the Arctic is not becoming less predictable. Russian scientists are using computer modeling in order to provide adequate informational support for regional security control in social-economic, ecological, political and other spheres. The construction of IT infrastructure begins; the Arctic is becoming a test site: data-centers are now able to produce energy with almost no maintenance costs; the example of Russian company demonstrates the advantage clearly. Art is also becoming digital for better understanding of the arctic communities and successful cultural export, highlighting the controversial issues of vulnerability, potential, balance through historical and philosophical paradigms. This is facilitated mostly by the activities of the Uncapitals art-group, founded in Murmansk, Russia.
Paper contains detailed descriptions of the latest technological breakthroughs estimating possibilities and threats, giving the full image of Russian attempts for reaching sustainability and explaining why is it extremely important for the Arctic to be “smart”.
Wednesday 23rd January 2019
11:00 - 12:00