Circumpolar safety, search and rescue collaboration - Pan-Arctic S&R Collaboration
- 13:00 FEATURED TALK: The Search and Rescue preparedness and response in the Norwegian Arctic, status and challenges
Authors: Bent-Ove Jamtli Jamtli ( JRCC NORTH-NORWAY/Norwegian Mission control Center (NMCC) )
The Arctic is a region characterized by long distances, harsh climate and relatively few rescue resources. Three factors are therefore essential;
Firstly, the prevention of accidents is important because the consequences for people and the environment will often be greater with accidents in the North. It is therefore necessary with particularly stringent maritime safety requirements.
Secondly, cooperation between nations is essential for the effective utilization of available rescue resources in order to come to the rescue as quickly as possible.
Finally, it is important to note that the time factor, distance and climate can make certain operations impossible, no matter how much is spent on emergency services.
It is therefore important, that anyone travelling or operating in the Arctic, systematically work to reduce the risk of accidents and strives to be able to handle crises to a greater extent than is necessary in other areas.
But, as a final positive note; although more activity will increase the chance of an incident to happen, there will also be more resources available to assist in SAR.
- 13:30 Liberties and obligations in the law of Arctic search and rescue
Authors: Erik Røsæg ( University of Oslo )
Search and rescue as well as preventive measures in respect of pollution are subject to international agreements. To some extent, these agreements allows actions that would not otherwise be allowed under international law, and impose new obligations on states. The paper analyses such legal effects of the international agreements relevant to the Arctic, and discusses why the liberties and obligations differ so much between them.
- 13:45 Arctic Coast Guard Forum - Developing Arctic Maritime Safety
Authors: Juha Vuolle ( Finnish Border Guard/Chair of the Arctic Coast Guard Forum ); Rebecca Pincus ( U.S. Coast Guard Academy ); Sóley Kaldal ( Icelandic Coast Guard )
Pan-Arctic search and rescue (SAR) collaboration is essential as the Arctic region poses significant challenges, for which robust international coordination is the most effective strategy. In many parts of the Arctic region, long distances and scarce physical and communications infrastructure make effective mass rescue operations (MRO) and SAR difficult; the effects of the polar climate pose challenges around the entire region and in adjacent sub-Arctic areas. These challenges are heightened in the maritime areas of the Arctic, where sea ice poses an additional significant challenge.
In response to these operational challenges, and furthering the robust international cooperation already present among Arctic states, the Arctic Coast Guard Forum (ACGF) was established in 2015 to strengthen multilateral cooperation and coordination among member states within the Arctic maritime domain. Member states include Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States. Finland currently holds the chairmanship of the ACGF.
The goal of the ACGF is to gather knowledge, develop and enhance transnational collaboration, and demonstrate the ability to conduct SAR operations in the Arctic. The ACGF meets regularly to consult, exchange information, agree on core principles, and develop joint practical measures to maintain safety and security at sea. As part of these efforts, in September of 2017 the ACGF held its first live exercise, Arctic Guardian 2017, to gain experience with combined SAR operations and demonstrate practical implementation of the Agreement on Cooperation in Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic. Lessons learned and best practices developed during the Arctic Guardian exercise provide for a solid foundation for developing future joint SAR exercises within the Arctic domain.
The presentation will introduce the Arctic Coast Guard Forum, as well as describe its achievements towards improving SAR in the Arctic region, including the Arctic Guardian 2017 exercise’s contribution. The presentation will also refer to the recently conducted survey, written in cooperation with the ACGF, mapping the key challenges of Arctic SAR and compiling recommendations for enhancing international cooperation.
- 14:00 FEATURED TALK: Emergency Preparedness Collaboration and Continuous Improvement
Authors: Sigurd Robert Jacobsen ( Petroleum Safety Authority ); Anne Gro Løkken ( Petroleum Safety Authority ); Jan Erik Jensen ( Petroleum Safety Authority )
The purpose of this paper is to examine collaboration between the many stakeholders in the Norwegian petroleum industry, national and international organisations and the effect it has on emergency preparedness in the Barents Sea and potentially the broader Arctic region.
The paper also considers initiatives, including ones “hidden” in acronyms like AORF, BaSEC, EPPR, SARINOR and SAREX, which are vital to development of emergency preparedness for personnel in the Arctic.
We elaborate on interaction and collaboration between stakeholders and illustrate the positive effects the combined efforts have on emergency preparedness in the petroleum industry and for other users of the Barents Sea.
There has been petroleum activity in the Barents Sea since 1980. The area has experienced renewed interest since 2005 and the opening of the Barents Sea South East for petroleum activity in 2013. Areas further from the coast have been explored introducing emergency response challenges that have required careful consideration.
The Petroleum Safety Authority (PSA) regulates safety in the petroleum industry and is a catalyst promoting collaboration and maturing awareness regarding challenges and requirements for prudent operation.
PSA has challenged the stakeholders in the industry on numerous issues pertinent to safety of personnel working in the Barents Sea. Issues related to ice accretion on lifeboats, provision of medical evacuation services (MEDEVAC), performance requirements and capacity to rescue personnel from the sea due to a helicopter incident, have been the topics of much debate.
Norwegian Oil and Gas, with considerable participation from stakeholders, including PSA and representatives of the workforce, studied topics regarding safety of operations and emergency preparedness in the Barents Sea. Work continued in Barents Sea Exploration Collaboration (BaSEC) maturing performance requirements related to emergency preparedness.
In addition to work performed by companies and stakeholders directly involved in the petroleum industry, there are numerous other initiatives where both PSA and the petroleum industry have participated. The results of the efforts are additional resources in the Barents Sea. These are mainly SAR helicopters, facilities to land on and refuel helicopters and vessels supporting operations. In addition, there is an improved awareness of the challenges, access to competent personnel and willingness to collaborate and share knowledge.
We demonstrate that, with broad involvement of stakeholders and PSA participation continually challenging industry, there is “cross pollination” of ideas and expectations lubricating the process of continuous improvement within emergency preparedness in the Barents Sea and the Arctic.
Tuesday 23rd January 2018
13:00 - 14:30