Call for papers
The 9th Arctic Frontiers conference will be held in Tromsø, Norway, with the title: Climate and Energy, from Sunday 18 January to Friday 23 January 2015.
The earth is in the midst of major climate changes. The Arctic is experiencing the impact of these changes more and faster than other parts of the globe. Processes starting in the Arctic may have deep and profound impacts on other parts of the globe. At the same time the Earth's population is rising and with it the global energy demand. New and greener energy sources are gaining market shares, but still the energy mix of the foreseeable future will have a substantial fossil component. The Arctic is expected to hold major oil and gas resources, while the regions green energy potentials are less explored. How will the Arctic's energy resources contribute to the global energy mix in the decades to come? How will the climate changes impact the Arctic environment and societies? And where will we find a balance between the planet’s energy demand and the necessity to reduce CO2 emissions?
The Arctic Frontiers conference is a central arena for discussions of Arctic issues. The conference brings together representatives from science, politics, and civil society to share perspectives on how upcoming challenges in the Arctic may be addressed to ensure sustainable development. Arctic Frontiers is composed of a policy section and a scientific section.
The 9th Arctic Frontiers science section Climate and Energy will address three main themes:
- Arctic climate change – global implications,
- Ecological winners and losers in future Arctic marine ecosystems
- The Arctic's role in the global energy supply and security.
This call for papers addresses only the scientific section from 21 January to 23 January 2015.
On behalf of the Scientific Program Committees, we have great pleasure in inviting you to submit one or more abstracts (for oral or poster presentation) to any of the three parts, in accordance with the instructions provided.
All abstracts will be reviewed by members of the three scientific committees for rating of abstract quality and presentation content.
The Call for Papers closes on 22 September 2014.
It is recommended that, before submitting an abstract via the online abstract submission form, you read the Abstract Submission Terms and Conditions and ensure that you are able to meet all the requirements. Please also make sure you carefully read the Abstract Submission Guidelines and Instructions.
Please examine the three conference parts below.
Part I: Arctic climate change – global implications
The signature of climate change is arguably most pronounced in the Arctic. Associated with ongoing Arctic change are an amplified warming, retreating sea ice cover, melting ice sheets and glaciers, changing weather and ocean circulation, ocean acidification, and thawing permafrost. The changes influence and may have severe consequences for life and societies in the Arctic – from ecosystems via landscapes to people. Change in Arctic climate is also having more far-reaching consequences, including an influence on mid-latitude climate extremes, interactions with the global freshwater cycle and oceanic heat transport, as well as creating opportunities and demands for new societal or commercial development in the Arctic region.
A robust assessment of Arctic climate change depends on an understanding of cause-and-effect and the interplay between drivers and impacts, all related to a well-defined reference state from which change is inferred. Ongoing change in the Arctic and its implications make progress in monitoring and identifying underlying mechanisms and feedback-processes a pressing scientific and societal challenge. In this session, we invite contributions concerning the mechanisms driving Arctic climate change, their observed physical or societal manifestations, as well as their interaction with climate and societies beyond the Arctic, including the geopolitical dimension. We welcome in particular contributions that address the predictability of Arctic climate change, and how a predictable climate may resonate with identifiable human responses to negotiate or remediate changes in the physical environment.
Part II: Ecological winners and losers in future Arctic marine ecosystems
We focus upon the hitherto ice-covered, widening and melting rim of the Arctic Ocean, the marginal ice zone, and how life cycles of organisms may change with an early ice melt and late freezing period. How will the function of the marginal ice zone change as ice gets thinner, withdraws earlier in the season towards the North Pole and the marginal ice zone widens? Embedded in pan-arctic overviews regarding the marine ecology of a changing Arctic Ocean, we ask in particular who will be the ecological winners and losers in future Arctic marine ecosystems?
How do changes in climate impact marine ecosystems in the Arctic Ocean, the world’s least investigated region? A warmer climate with less extensive ice cover will extent the areal contribution of marginal ice zones further into the Arctic Basins leading to changes in primary productivity. Increased phytoplankton production has the potential to increase the overall secondary production. However, altered climate conditions will also affect timing, quantity and quality of ice algal and phytoplankton food sources with potentially reduced food quality, different size spectra of prey, all of which may have extensive implications for grazers and their predators. Depending on the grazers and predators ability to adapt to these new conditions, some organisms will be favoured more than others, resulting in ecological winners and losers. Here we focus on how species, through phenotypic plasticity, may adapt to rapid changes in their physical and biological environment with a special look at behaviour and energy allocation, including reproductive strategies and migrations. Species’ long-term evolutionary response is also of interest. Field, experimental and modeling studies are welcomed. To embed these questions into a wider context also pan-arctic overviews on climate change and marine environments are accepted. Presentations highlighting the design, challenges and value of long-term observational programs are also welcome including those focusing on assessment and ecosystem based management of Arctic marine living resources.
To address climate impacts on Arctic marine ecosystems we invite abstracts on the following suggested topics:
- Primary productivity and nutrient cycling in a changing Arctic
- Species plasticity and resilience to climate change
- Species’ long-term evolutionary response to climate
- Species competition, and changes in community composition in relation to ecosystem functioning
- Role of sea ice biota for Arctic marine ecosystems
- Pan-arctic overviews on climate change and marine environments
- Management of Arctic marine living resources in a changing Arctic
Part III: The Arctic's role in the global energy supply and security
The global demand for energy is increasing, at the same time as the world is aiming to reduce the level of CO2 emissions. Fossil energy is expected to remain a prominent energy source, while renewable energy is on the rise.
The Arctic is rich in energy resources, and will play an important role in global energy supply in the foreseeable future. A key challenge is how the energy potential of the Artic can be utilized in a sustainable and safe manner both locally and as a global resource.
Arctic petroleum production started fifty years ago in Alaska, and today Arctic Norway and Russia are exporting oil and gas to the world markets. Further west, Iceland and Greenland are actively pursuing oil and gas exploration in their Arctic waters.
Yet the very climate change development that is currently opening up the Arctic for business through ice melting is also by many seen as a fundamental challenge to Arctic oil and gas production. The official position of Arctic coastal states is that the world needs more energy and that the Arctic is a low-conflict region that can provide energy supplies to the world. Most environmentalists, on the other hand, hold that both local and global environmental and security concerns, implies that Arctic oil and gas should be left in the ground. It has also been argued that Arctic energy needs should preferably be served by locally harvested renewable energy thereby contributing to the global energy transition.
The current changes and turbulence on the geopolitical scene may also affect the role of the Arctic as an energy supplier to the world, emphasizing the importance of Arctic peace and stability as a condition to further develop the region’s rich natural resources.
Part III of the Arctic frontiers conference 2015 seeks to offer researchers, industry representatives, authorities and other experts an arena to discuss the Arctic's role in the global energy supply, and to address both technological and societal challenges and opportunities of Arctic energy.
Abstracts are invited for the following suggested topics – all focusing on energy and the Arctic:
- Significance of Arctic energy to global energy supply
- Arctic oil and gas resource potential – current knowledge and knowledge gaps
- Scenarios for Arctic oil and gas production towards 2030/2050
- Global energy trends and their implications for Arctic energy scenarios
- Renewable energy resources - What is the scope for renewable energy development in the Arctic?
- Sustainable energy supply for the Arctic regions
- Conditions for sustainable exploration and production of Arctic energy
- Climate change mitigation and Arctic oil and gas – a contradiction in terms?
- Energy systems and transport linking the Arctic to the energy markets of the world
- The role of technology in securing safe and environmentally sound Arctic energy production
- Supplying the increasing energy needs of the Arctic
- Industrialisation in the north based on local energy resources
- Using local renewable energy sources and storage technologies to serve local Arctic populations